Bihar, the spectacularly ‘Destination of Ancient Temples,’ is the ultimate place for devotees. Patna city (Former name Magadh and Patliputra) is the capital of Bihar State. If you are the one looking for the best places to visit in bihar then you are in right place. Endowed with unequaled beauties such as hills, mountains, and waterfalls, this naturally made state makes for an ideal holiday destination, especially for those looking for an appointment with nature and faith.
Bihar state also gave the world two crucial religions – Buddhism and Jainism. The key sectors of the local economy are education and tourism. Many natural attractions in Bihar contribute to the trade of Bihar, along with the sacred temples, stupas, Trade fairs, museums, and life sanctuaries.
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The eastern state of India, Bihar is a mix of cultures and has a population of major social groups. The key sectors of the local economy are education and tourism. So, if you want to travel to Bihar, then below are the must-visit tourist destinations.
Mahabodhi Temple, Gaya: Worldwide Famous Place to Visit in Bihar
The most famous place to visit in Bihar state is Gaya, which is a Hindu and Buddha dharma pilgrimage hub. Mahabodhi Temple is a transit point for the Buddhist pilgrimage center of Bodhgaya. All Devotees believed that it was here under the bodhi tree that Buddha attained enlightenment.
Mahabodhi Temple, Gaya is a hectic place on the Phalgu River. Mahabodhi Temple is replete with many famous temples and historical sites dating back to different eras that stand as evidence of the prosperous rule of the Chandragupta Maurya dynasty here. The Gaya city glory is widespread. Even Hiuen Tsang could not resist mentioning Mahabodhi Temple in his travelogues. So whenever you are planning to visit Gaya, Bihar, you must visit Mahabodhi Temple (Bodhgaya). The city of Gaya is linked with other cities in Bihar through the rail network.
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Takht Sri Harmandir Sahib Gurdwara, Patna:
Takht Sri Harmandir Sahib Gurdwara, also known as Patna Sahib Gurdwara, is a Gurdwara in Patna Sahib, Patna, Bihar, India. Takht Sri Harmandir Sahib Gurdwara was to commemorate the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh, the 10th Guru of the Sikhs, on December 1666. Maharaja Ranjit Singh built Takht Sri Harmandir Sahib Gurdwara, the first Maharaja of the Sikh Empire made many other Gurdwaras in the Indian subcontinent. The current shrine of Patna Sahib or Takht Sri Harmandir Sahib Gurdwara was built in the 1950s. Patna Sahib Gurdwara is also the most visited place in India.
Pawapuri is a holy place for Jains located in the Nalanda district in India’s Bihar state. Pawapuri is located about 20 kilometers from Rajgir, Nalanda and 100 kilometers from Patna. Pawapuri is the place of Mahavira’s nirvana and a pilgrimage place for Jains.
Vishwa Shanti Stupa, Rajgir, Nalanda:
Vishwa Shanti Stupa in Nalanda District, Bihar, near Gitai Mandir, is a large stupa of white color. Statues of the Buddha are mounted on a stupa in 4 directions. Vishwa Shanti Stupa also has a small Japanese Buddhist temple with a large park. A temple near the Vishwa Shanti stupa where prayers are done for universal peace. The initial pagoda reached completion in 1969. Vishwa Shanti Stupa is one of around 80 Peace Pagodas built around the world by the neo-Buddhist organization.
These were a dream of Fujii Nichidatsu, inspired by Mahatma Gandhi, as a reaction to the atomic bombing of Japan, the first and better known Vishwa Shanti stupa, being built on Ratnagiri Hill in Rajgir. Rajgir Dham also is very famous in Bihar, and also Rajgir is a picnic spot. Many Government and Private schools plan to visit Rajgir on vacation or Picnic every year.
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Nalanda University, Nalanda:
Nalanda University Ruins, the well-preserved ruins of the Nalanda district, is a significant destination on the Buddhist tourism circuit. The Nalanda University Ruins make for an exciting exploration trip in Bihar state. As you ever enter the Nalanda University Ruins, large covers of nicely-kept parks welcome you.
If you walk through Nalanda University, what once used to be one of the world’s first residential universities. In that case, it is an exciting experience as only mountains of stones stand here today. The Chandra Gupta Morya emperors built Nalanda University in 450 AD, and the Nalanda University complex could house 10,000 students and 2000 teachers.
The Nalanda university complex was home to different composites, ruins, student hostels, meditation halls, temples, and libraries. The Nalanda University hostel still houses slabs beds, study tables, and ancient ink-pots. The Nalanda university basement of the hostel houses the kitchen. Archaeological findings revealed that the Nalanda university place must have been the kitchen since burnt rice was found in the Nalanda university basement. The rice grains are displayed at the Nalanda University Ruins and the other items discovered during the excavations. As you walk further to Nalanda University, winding stairs will lead you to a long hall with rooms on either side.
Patna Museum, Patna:
Patna Museum, Patna, Bihar, started on 3 April 1917 during the British Era to house the historical artifacts found in the region of Patna. Patna Museum is built in the style of Mughal and Rajput architecture. Most of the early collections have now been transferred to Patna Museum.
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Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park, Patna:
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park is also known as Sanjay Gandhi Botanical Park, and Sanjay Gandhi Zoological Garden or Patna Zoo is located off Bailey Road in Patna. It was opened to the public as a zoo in 1979. The Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park is Patna’s most popular picnic spot, with more than 39,000 visitors alone on New Year’s Day in 2023.
Mahavir Mandir, Patna:
Mahavir Mandir, Patna, one of the most blissful Hindu temples dedicated to Lord Hanuman nearby Patna Junction. Millions of travelers visit the Mahavir Mandir temple every year. At Mahavir Mandir, long turning chains can be seen on Saturdays and Tuesdays, the traditional worshiping days of Lord Hanuman. Scores of devotees visit Mahavir Mandir on every Ram Navami and New Year celebration. Mahavir Mandir trustee also runs many free hospitals in Patna like Mahavir Aarogya Sansthan, Mahavir Netralaya, Mahavir Heart Hospital and Mahavir Cancer Hospital.
Buddha Smriti Park, Patna:
Buddha Memorial Park, also known as Buddha Smriti Park, is a metropolitan stupa located on Frazer Road in Patna, India. Buddha Memorial Park was formed by Vikram Lall and expanded by the Bihar Government to commemorate the 2554th birth anniversary of the Mahatma Buddha. The 14th Dalai Lama introduced Buddha Memorial Park. Buddha Smriti Park is also the most visited place in Patna city.
10. Golghar, Patna:
The Golghar is a large repository located in Patna, Bihar, India. A modern engraving at the Golghar in Patna was intended to be just the first of a series of tremendous seed stores. Built in the Stupa architecture, the building has a height of 32 ft. Golghar is pillarless with a wall of thickness of 4.5 ft. at the base. Anyone visitor can climb to the top of the Golghar by crossing all over the 145 steps of the Golghar spiral stairway around it.
11. Sher Shah Suri Tomb, Sasaram:
The Sher Shah Suri Tomb is in the Sasaram city of Bihar state, India. The Sher Shah Suri Tomb was introduced in memory of Sher Shah Suri, a Pathan from Bihar who defeated the Mughal Empire and established the Suri Empire in northern India.
12. Sonepur Cattle Fair, Sonepur:
Sonepur Animal Fair is held on Kartik Poornima over November and December in Sonepur District, Bihar, on the Sangam of the river Ganges. Sonepur Animal Fair, also known as Sonepur Cattle Fair or Harihar Kshetra Mela and Sonepur Cattle Fair, attracts tourists from all over Asia. Up to now, Sonepur Animal Fair is the biggest Animal fair in Asia and usually lasts between fifteen days to 1 month in duration. Sonepur Animal Fair’s ancient times began when Chandragupta Maurya bought elephants and horses across the river Ganges. The Sonepur Animal Fair is used to attract dealers from places as far away as Central Asia.
Conclusion: Top Places to Visit in Bihar
While traveling to Patna, Gaya, Pawapuri, Rajgir, Sasaram, and Sonepur in Bihar by train, you can order food by train online through the RailRecipe E-catering Website. Train Passengers can also order online Veg Food, Non-Veg Food, and Jain Food on the train Journey. RailRecipe is always open for food delivery in train service. You will love RailRecipe’s food delivery service.
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